The True Teachings of Islam
The Holy Qur'an is the highest authority in Islam. It contains the exact words of God as revealed to Prophet Muhammad (P) and recorded by his companions. In applying the Qur'anic teachings to everyday life, Muslims rely upon the sunnah (sayings and actions) of the Prophet (P). This sunnah is a concrete implementation, a tangible form, and the actual embodiment of the will of God in the form of Muhammad's deeds. They were recorded in what are called ahadith (pieces of news, stories, or reports). This pamphlet conveys to you just a portion of the many interesting and enlightening ahadith. Numbers 1-20 have been extrapolated from "Riyadh-Us-Saleheen" Volumes 1 and 2. Numbers 21-25 have been extrapolated from "An-Nawawi's Forty Hadith". Both works were compiled by Imam Abu Zakariya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi (R). Each hadith quoted in this pamphlet is followed by an individual reference which indicates the original source of ahadith collection: Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam Abu Daud, or Imam Tirmidhi (R).
1) Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "The strong one is not he who knocks out his adversary; the strong one is he who keeps control over his temper." (Bukhari and Muslim)
2) Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "It does not befit a Siddiq (a true man) that he should opt to cursing." (Muslim)
3) Hazrat Jarir Ibn Abdullah (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "God the Dignified has no mercy for one who has no mercy for others." (Bukhari and Muslim)
4) Hazrat Anas Bin Malik (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "None of you is a perfect Muslim until he desires for his brother Muslim that which he desires for himself." (Bukhari and Muslim)
5) Hazrat Anas Bin Malik (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Help your brother whether he is an oppressor or an oppressed person. A companion asked: 'Messenger of God (it is true) I will help him if he is an oppressed person, but please tell me how I am to help him if he happens to be an oppressor.' The Holy Prophet (P) answered: check him from doing injustice. Because preventing him from committing aggression is a help to him." (Bukhari)
6) Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Look at the person who is inferior to you; and do not look at one who is superior to you. Thereby you would be able to appreciate better the benevolences of God bestowed upon you." (Muslim)
7) Hazrat Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'Aas (R) says that by nature the Holy Prophet (P) neither talked indecently nor did he listen to indecent talk. He used to say: "The best of you are those who have the best manners." (Bukhari and Muslim)
8) Hazrat Sahl bin Sa'd (R) says that the Holy Prophet (P) has said: "A person who gives surety to (safeguard) the thing between the jaws (tongue) and the thing between his two legs (private organs), I guarantee his entrance into Paradise." (Bukhari and Muslim)
9) Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Among the Muslims most perfect, as regards his faith, is one whose character is excellent, and the best among you are those who treat their wives well." (Tirmidhi)
10) Hazrat Abu Zarr relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Do not consider even the smallest good deed as insignificant; even meeting your brother with a cheerful face (is a good deed)." (Muslim)
12) Hazrat Ayaz bin Himar (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "God, the Most Exalted, has revealed to me that you should show courtesy and be cordial with each other, so that nobody should consider himself superior to another nor harm him." (Muslim)
13) Hazrat Ayesha (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Do not reproach or abuse dead persons for they are facing the consequences of what they had done in this world." (Bukhari)
14) Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Avoid jealously for this destroys good deeds as fire destroys wood." (Abu Daud)
15) Wasila bin Al-As-qa'a (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Do not rejoice over the troubles of your brother lest God the Most High might have mercy on him and involve you in this trouble." (Tirmidhi)
16) Hazrat Ibn Mas'ud (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) once asked: "Who is that person among you who loves the property of his successor more than his own property? The Companions submitted: 'O Messenger of God (P) there is none among us who loves his successor's property more than his own.' He said: Then his property is which he has sent ahead; and that which he retains belongs to his successor." (Bukhari)
17) Hazrat Ayaz bin Himar (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "God the Most High has revealed to me that you should adopt humility, so that nobody oppresses another, nor one should hold himself above another." (Muslim)
18) Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas'ud (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "A Muslim never taunts or curses or abuses nor resorts to vulgar talking." (Tirmidhi)
19) Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Let no Muslim male entertain any malice against a Muslim female. He may dislike one habit in her, but may find another in her which is pleasing." (Muslim)
20) Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R) relates that the Holy Prophet (P) said: "Plenty of provision or abundance do not make a person rich and wealthy; real richness is the benevolence of heart." (Bukhari and Muslim)
21) On the authority of Abu Huraira (R) who said: the Messenger of God (P) said: "Part of someone's being a good Muslim is his leaving alone that which does not concern him." (Tirmidhi)
22) On the authority of Abu Huraira (R), that the Messenger of God (P) said: "Let him who believes in God and the Last Day either speak good or keep silent, and let him who believes in God and the Last Day be generous to his neighbour, and let him who believes in God and the Last Day be generous to his guest" (Bukhari & Muslim)
23) On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith ibn Asim al-Ash'ari (R), who said: The Messenger of God (P) said: "...Prayer is light; charity is a proof; patience is illumination; and the Qur'an is an argument for or against you. Everyone starts his day and is a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or bringing about its ruin." (Muslim)
24) On the authority of Abu Huraira (R), who said: The Messenger of God (P) said: "Each person's every joint must perform a charity every day the sun comes up: to act justly between two people is a charity; to help a man with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto it is a charity; every step you take to prayers is a charity; and removing a harmful thing from the road is a charity." (Bukhari & Muslim)
25) On the authority of an-Nawwas ibn Sam'an (R) that the Prophet (P) said: "Righteousness is good morality, and wrongdoing is that which wavers in your soul and which you dislike people finding out about." (Muslim)
More of the Prophet's Teachings
There is a large corpus of the Prophet's ideas and thoughts, instructions and teachings, beliefs and morals, manners and principles. The greatness and glory of Islam rest upon these ideals. Only a portion of it is listed here.
Purity of Self
1. Wise is he who regards himself small, and performs deeds that are useful after death; foolish is he who is dictated by his self and expectant of Allah's grace and mercy.
2. Brave is the man who controls his self, not the one who demolishes his adversary.
3. Contentment is a treasure that is never empty.
4. To give up the inessential is highly religious.
5. Advice is a trust and wrong instruction is a breach of trust.
6. To give up evil or wickedness is also a charity.
7. Virtue lies in modesty.
8. Health and comforts are the blessings not available to all.
9. Moderation in expenditure is equal to half income. (Spending with sense is as good as half of income).
10. Prudence is but wisdom.
11. Religious is the one who keeps promises.
12. Wisdom is the greatest wealth.
13. Eloquence is the charm of man.
14. Ignorance is the greatest limitation.
15. Religious is one who is trustworthy.
16. Love is not as effective as good manners.
17. Humility elevates one's position.
18. Alms-giving does not lead to diminution of wealth.
19. Don't scoff at your brother lest you might meet the like situation.
20. Bad manners spoil good qualities as vinegar spoils honey.
Obedience to Parents
1. Allah is pleased when the father is pleased. Allah is displeased when the father is displeased.
2. Of all the deeds performed, offering of prayers on time is the best, and then the second in importance is obedience to parents.
3. The greatest sin is polytheism, and disobedience to parents, and then giving false evidences and telling lies.
Behavior with Relatives
Rahm (kinship) is derived from Rahman. The man who maintains bonds of kinship is close to Allah and one who severs relation from one's kin is forsaken by Allah.
Bringing up of Daughters
1. One who trains and educates 3 or 2 daughters or sisters out of fear of Allah will go to Paradise (even if the number is one).
2. Bringing up of daughters is a test; one who passes the test will be safe from Hell.
Bringing up of Orphans
One who brings up orphans will remain with me (the Prophet (pbuh)) like the two fingers of a hand.
Obedience to Kings
1. The king should be obeyed on the earth.
2. If a slave happens to be a ruler, his obedience is compulsory for you.
3. Kingdom is lost not through disbelief but through tyranny.
One who is not merciful and kind cannot claim mercy upon him.
Treatment with Slaves, Women Servants and Attendants
1. Slaves and women slaves are like your brothers. Allah has kept them under your supervision. Equal treatment be given to them in food and clothing. They should not be asked to bear more than their strength and capacity. In difficult tasks they should be rendered assistance and support.
2. To liberate slaves or women slaves is to get liberated from Hell.
3. A person asked the Prophet (pbuh) how many times an attendant should be pardoned. He said that this should be allowed seventy times in a day.
Evils of Beggary
1. One who begs is rather collecting fire (of Hell) for oneself whether it is small or much.
2. The worst is the man who begs in the Name of Allah and still gets nothing. Don't beg from men for Allah's sake. It is better to demand from Allah Himself.
1. Those who are not kind to the young and do not respect the elders do not belong to us.
2. Be kind to people on the earth and Allah will be Merciful in heaven.
3. A true Muslim is like a mirror for others. Point out weakness in a brother if you find it in him.
4. In friendliness and sympathy take lessons from the wall where bricks strengthen one another.
5. To meet cheerfully, to talk about virtues and prevent people from vices and villainy, to show the right path to those who have lost the way, to lead weak-sighted persons on the way, to remove thorns, stones, and bones from paths and to draw water from wells for others, are all deeds of virtue.
6. To greet and feed the poor and to say prayers alone at night are the good signs of Islam.
7. Only courteous men will be close and dear to me on the Day of Judgement. I shall be disgusted and distant from those who are not well-behaved. I am also sick of those who talk nonsense and discuss things irresponsibly and are proud.
8. To live comfortable is not pride. It is to degrade the people and to reject the truth.
9. Love all; in it is half wisdom.
10. Don't say to behave well only when others behave well and to do mischief if others do mischief rather try to oblige those who behave well with you and do not create mischief if they do likewise.
The Greatness of Learning
1. One who seeks knowledge finds the road to Paradise easier.
2. As long as you are in search of knowledge, you are in the path of Allah.
3. Quest for learning is atonement for past sins.
4. A taste for research is half learning.
5. Learning is greater than devotion and prayer in importance.
6. Knowledge and wisdom are your lost treasures; seek them where you find.
7. He who conceals his knowledge will be reined with fire.
8. Nothing in the world is better than the getting together of knowledge and patience.