The family and wives of Muhammad (peace be upon him)

 

Uncles: The Prophet (pbuh) had nine uncles; out of them only Hamzah and 'Abbas embraced Islam. Abu Talib was devoted to the Prophet (pbuh) and was his supporter.

Aunts: Six were his (paternal) aunts among whom Safiyah reverted to Islam.

Wives: Every wife of the Prophet (pbuh) bears the surname of Umm-ul-Mu'mineen (the Mother of the believers). He was not married to all of them at the same time, they are listed here:

1. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Khadijatul-Kubra

She is the first wife of the Prophet. Perceiving honesty, integrity and blissfulness in him, she herself proposed to him.

Except Ibrahim, all children were born to her. The Prophet (pbuh) always recalled her truthfulness and friendliness even after her death.

2. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Saudah

She embraced Islam along with her husband, Sakran. Her mother also accepted Islam. Then all the three emigrated to Habash (Abyssinia). Her husband died there. The Prophet (pbuh) married her in the 10th year of his Prophet hood after the death of Khadijatul-Kubra.

3. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Aishah

She was the daughter of Abu Bakr Siddiq . Abu Bakr helped the Prophet (pbuh) with all his might and means. The Prophet (pbuh) married Abu Bakr's daughter, and the marriage took place at Makkah while the consummation of the marriage took place in Al-Madinah Al-Munnawwarah in 2 H. She was learned enough to solve the intricate problems for the Companions of the Prophet (pbuh) who sought her help. Two thousand two hundred and ten Ahadith are related to her.

4. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Hafsah

She was the daughter of Umar Farooq. She had emigrated to Habash with her first husband and then to Al-Madinah. Her husband was wounded in the battle of Uhud and died of it. The Prophet (pbuh) married Hafsah in 3 AH. She was greatly religious minded and devoted lady.

5. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Zainab bint Khuzaimah

She was first married to Tufail bin Harith and then to 'Ubaidah bin Harith. They were both Prophet's own cousins. Then she was married to 'Abdullah bin Jahsh who was Prophet's paternal aunt's son. He was martyred in the battle of Uhud. The Prophet (pbuh) married her in 4 H. She lived only three months after the marriage. She helped the poor and destitute so much that she was generally known as Umm-ul-Masakin (the mother of the poor and deserving).

6. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Umm Salamah

She was first married to Abu Salamah 'Abd bin Al-Asad who was Prophet's cousin and foster brother. She emigrated to Habash with her husband and then to Al-Madinah and in her journey from Makkah to Al-Madinah she travelled alone. Abu Salamah was wounded in the battle of Uhud and that led to his death. He left four orphans. The Prophet (pbuh) pitied upon them and married her in 4 H.

7. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Zainab bint Jahsh

She was the cousin (the daughter of paternal aunt) of the Prophet (pbuh). The Prophet (pbuh), through his efforts, got her married to Zaid ( who was set free as a slave. But she could not carry on well with her husband and she was forsaken although the Prophet (pbuh) tried to persuade him not to do so. For her disgrace and trouble, she was favored by Allah as she came into matrimonial alliance with the Prophet (pbuh) in 5 H.

Critics say that the Prophet (pbuh) saw her one day, liked her and decided to get married to her after separating matrimonial relationship with an adopted son. But they do not take the following facts into account:

A. Zainab was Prophet's cousin (daughter of his paternal aunt) and she was brought up in the family and she was not new or unknown to him.

B. Her first marriage with Zaid was made possible by the efforts of the Prophet (pbuh) himself.

 

8. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Juwairiyah

She was made a prisoner in a battle and she came under the custody of Thabit bin Qais as his booty. He was twenty years old. A price was fixed for her and she could be free if the price fixed for her was paid. So she came to the Prophet (pbuh) for some donation. She also declared that she had embraced Islam. The Prophet (pbuh) paid the whole amount and she was then liberated. The Prophet expressed his desire to enter into matrimonial alliance with her in order to avoid payments for other prisoners. When the army came to know that the prisoner was now a relative of the Prophet (pbuh), all the prisoners were released. By this gesture the Prophet (pbuh) saved more than a hundred of people becoming slaves and attendants. The marriage took place in 6 AH.

9. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Umm Habibah

She was the daughter of Abu Sufyan (. She reverted to Islam when her father was fighting against the Prophet (pbuh). She faced many troubles for the cause of Islam. Then she emigrated to Habash with her husband where her husband renounced his Faith and the devoted lady who had left her parents, family, tribe and house for the sake of Islam was left alone. In a strange land the support she had enjoyed from her husband was denied to her because of his change of Faith. The Prophet (pbuh) married her in 7 AH in view of her fortitude and deplorable plight. The ceremony was performed in Habash (Abyssinia) so that her ordeal might come to an end soon.

10. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Safiyyah

She was the daughter of Huyai bin Akhtab bin Shu'bah, the grand child of Prophet Harun ( Her mother's name was Barrah bint Samwal. She was twice married earlier. She had a noble descent from the Jews tribes Banu Quraizah and Banu Nadir. She was captivated in the battle of Khaibar. The Prophet (pbuh) manumitted her and married her in Jumada-al-Ukhra, 7th H. She was 17 years of age at the time of the marriage.

One day, the Prophet (pbuh) noticed that she was weeping. On asking she told the Prophet (pbuh) that she heard that Hafsah, the wife of the Prophet (pbuh) considered her inferior than her as she had her lineage with the Prophet (pbuh). The Prophet said that she should have told Hafsah that as her father is Prophet Harun (pbuh), her uncle is Prophet Musa (pbuh), and her husband is Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), how she can be superior to her.

Safiyyah died in the month of Ramadan, 50 H.

11. Umm-ul-Mu'mineen Maimunah

She was twice married earlier. Her one sister was married to 'Abbas, one to Hamzah, and one to Ja'far Taiyyar and another was the mother of Khalid bin Walid. The Prophet's uncle 'Abbas talked about her and he married her at the instance of his uncle in 7 H.

All these marriages were performed before the revelation of the verse that restricts marriage beyond four, and this has been permitted only on the condition that justice and equality would be accorded to them all.

Slaves: There were twelve slaves but they were all set free. Women slaves were three. Umm Aiman was one of them who had been his nursemaid. The Prophet (pbuh) respected her much.

Sons: Qasim, 'Abdullah and Ibrahim were his sons. All died in their childhood.

Daughters: His daughters were four:

(1) Zainab whose, husband was Abul-'Aas bin Rabi'.

(2) Ruqaiyyah. Her husband was Uthman Ghani

(3) Umm Kulthum, who was also married to Uthman Ghani (Umm Kulthum was married to him after the death of Ruqaiyyah).

(4) Fatimah whose husband was 'Ali Murtuda. Hasan and Husain were her sons.

 

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